4 hottest tech buzz words in layman language

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Have you ever heard of these terms “Big Data Analytics, Cloud Computing, IoT, Machine Learning” being thrown about ever so freely? If you don’t understand what any of these terms mean, you’ve come to the right place! In this article, we’ll discuss the top 4 hottest fields in programming, and to top it, we’ll keep it simple and sweet.

1) Big Data Analytics

Big data analytics is the process of collecting, organizing and analyzing large sets of data (called big data) to discover patterns and other useful information.

Many firms in the Finance and Telecom industry are making use of Big Data to track their consumers’ spending habits, while adjusting their pricing strategies to capitalize on this big data.

Google has managed to collect data about their customers down to precise moments. They’re now transitioning to micro-moment marketing to target the exact moment when their customers are ready to make a purchase.

Uber also gained insights from their data, about customers’ likeliness to pay for surge pricing right at the moment that their phone’s battery is about to run flat. Understanding this, we can only hope that they don’t jack up the prices more when our phone batteries are running low.

Surge Pricing

Let’s hope uber doesn’t raise their surge pricing rates anytime soon

2) Cloud Computing

When people talk about the cloud, they are usually referring to the internet. The cloud enables us to store or access data from any location.
However, it just refers to the usage of a network of remote servers hosted on the Internet to store, manage, and process data, rather than a local server or a personal computer.

Cloud Computing has allowed for many applications. People can now work on their jobs from anywhere in the world, allowing for a “Digital Nomad” culture.

Surge Pricing

Working from anywhere in the world as a digital nomad

It also facilitates collaboration between people. The more prevalent applications are Google Docs or Google Drive. In fact, EarlyCoders’ very own CodeLab app makes use of the cloud to allow our students to collaborate on projects in writing programs.

3) IoT (Internet of Things)
Internet Of Things

What is the Internet of Things?

The internet of things (IoT) is a network of physical devices, vehicles, buildings or other items that are embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity that enables these objects to collect and exchange data.

There are so many IoT applications, and many of them are increasingly being implemented in cities. Here are some of our top picks of IoT applications:

1) Smart Parking – Monitoring of parking spaces availability in the city.

2) Potable water monitoring – Monitor the quality of tap water in cities.

3) Remote Control Appliances – Switching on and off remote appliances to avoid accidents and save energy.

ABI Research estimates that more than 30 billion devices will be wirelessly connected to the internet, under the crowned term of “internet of things” by 2020. We can expect major lifestyle improvements in the next few years.

4) Machine Learning / Deep Learning

Machine learning is the science of getting computers to act without being explicitly programmed.
In general, there are 3 conditions to a problem before machine learning is applied:
1. A pattern exists
2. There is no mathematical formula to pin down this pattern
3. A lot of training data is available

Machine learning has a wide range of applications such as:

1. Google’s speech recognition
2. Facebook’s chat bots
3. Tesla Motor’s self-driving cars

Tesla Car

Tesla’s cars learns how to drive so you don’t have to.

In fact you’re probably already already using some form of machine learning application in your daily life as it’s being made increasingly more user-friendly and accessible!

Many researchers concur that Machine Learning is the best way to make progress towards human-level AI. Google Deepmind is currently at the forefront of the research for a “General Purpose Machine Learning Algorithm”

Here’s a short video about Google Deepmind and what it is capable of:

Helpful links

Programming is a booming industry, with increasing more exciting fields like mobile app development, web development, virtual reality, augmented reality, information security, and robotics. We are born in a time too late to explore the earth, too early to explore space, but just in time to discover groundbreaking new technologies.

Here are a few more interesting reads regarding the sectors we’ve just mentioned:
Mobile Application Development

Web Development

Virtual Reality

Augmented Reality

Information Security

On this note:

If you have any questions regarding programming, be sure to email us your questions at [email protected]! We’d be more than happy to break it down for you.


Written by Zames Chua, Early Coders Academy

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